South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit arrived in the Ethiopian capital on Sunday night to meet Riek Machar, the head of the rebel forces. The president has already announced that it will be impossible to reach a lasting agreement unless all the factions involved in the conflict take part. The conflict is mainly due to ethnic tensions between the Dinka and the Nuer but also to controversies over the management of the country's huge natural resources, including oil and water. Tensions have been stoked by Sudan and Uganda, which support the rebel factions and have an interest in influencing the country's policies. The peace talks began on Sunday at a diplomatic level, when the thorniest issues of the agreement were highlighted. One possible solution to the dispute could be for the government and the rebel factions to co-manage the resources, with Riek Machar serving as vice president. The civil war broke out in South Sudan in December 2013, when Kiir accused Machar of organising a coup against him.
Since then thousands of people have been killed and millions displaced. (AGI)